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Found 31 results
  1. Content Article
    A swarm is designed to start as soon as possible after a patient safety incident occurs. Healthcare organisations in the US1 and UK2 have used swarm-based huddles to identify learning from patient safety incidents. Immediately after an incident, staff ‘swarm’ to the site to quickly analyse what happened and how it happened and decide what needs to be done to reduce risk. Swarms enable insights and reflections to be quickly sought and generate prompt learning. They can prevent: those affected forgetting key information because there is a time delay before their perspective on what happened is sought fear, gossip and blame; by providing an opportunity to remind those involved that the aim following an incident is learning and improvement information about what happened and ‘work as done’ being lost because those affected leave the organisation where the incident occurred. This swarm tool provided by NHS England integrates the SEIPS3 framework and swarm approach to explore in a post-incident huddle what happened and how it happened in the context of how care was being delivered in the real world (ie work as done). 
  2. Content Article
    The systems engineering initiative for patient safety (SEIPS) is a framework to help us understand outcomes within complex socio-technical systems, like healthcare. SEIPS has developed over a number of academic papers and offers a range of tools that can help an investigator to understand why things happen. Deinniol Owens and Dr Helen Vosper highlight how SEIPS can be the investigator’s ‘swiss army knife’ when planning and undertaking patient safety investigations.
  3. Content Article
    Healthcare Organisational Culture (OC) is a major contributing factor in serious failings in healthcare delivery. Despite an increased awareness of the impact that OC is having on patient care, there is no universally accepted way to measure culture in practice. This study from Simpson et al. was undertaken to provide a snapshot as to how the NHS is currently measuring culture. Although the study is based in England, the findings have potential to influence the measurement of healthcare OC internationally.
  4. Content Article
    This is the first report of a national confidential enquiry specifically focussed on child deaths. Confidential enquiries have already contributed to major improvements in obstetrics, neonatal, and perioperative care in the UK. However they are time consuming and require extensive collaboration between various professional groups as well as the attention of a dedicated full-time research team. Hence, when planning a confidential enquiry in a new patient group, it is pertinent to investigate both feasibility and utility at its outset. The aim of this enquiry was to evaluate the feasibility of using this methodology to reduce the number of child deaths and make a significant contribution to child health in the UK. The basic functions of a confidential enquiry are: To develop and maintain a register of the cases under scrutiny. To subject cases in the register (or a specific sample of them) to review by a panel of experts with a focus on identifying avoidable factors where there have been adverse outcomes. Subsequent recommendations are then derived from both the analysis of the register and the conclusions of the expert review panels. This report presents the findings of a feasibility study “The Child Death Review” in which confidential enquiry methodology was applied to child deaths (28 days to 17 years 364 days) occurring in three regions of England, all of Wales and Northern Ireland in the calendar year 2006. A surveillance programme was mounted in order to determine where and when deaths occurred. A comprehensive core dataset was developed and then collected on all deaths. A sample, designed to have an even spread across age groups and the geographical areas involved, was then subjected to more detailed enquiry. This involved scrutiny of the available records by a multidisciplinary panel in each case.
  5. Content Article
    This toolkit provides information about how the US Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Director General conducted recent medical record reviews to identify patient harm. It outlines the decision criteria for adverse events and describes the methods used in the report, 'Adverse Events in Hospitals: A Quarter of Medicare Patients Experienced Harm' in October 2018, building upon a broader series of reports about adverse events in hospitals and other health care settings.
  6. Content Article
    Appreciative Inquiry (AI) is a transformational change methodology grounded in theories from the disciplines of human sciences and philosophy. It invites people to see themselves and the world through an appreciative or valuing eye. This article by AI strategist Robyn Stratton-Berkessel aims to provide an overview of AI for beginners, and covers: What is Appreciative Inquiry How it is a strengths-based, positive framework What it can achieve through collaborative conversations The 4-D process of Appreciative Inquiry – known as the Appreciative Inquiry Model How it can be applied personally and professionally The guiding principles (Including the new addition of the five emerging principles) The importance of Appreciative Inquiry questions – affirmatively-framed questions The value of story-telling in Appreciative Inquiry
  7. Content Article
    This is draft material and is not live guidance. It is shared for information and will be tested with organisations who have agreed to pilot the new Complaint Standards.  The model complaint handling procedure describes how your organisation will meet the expectations of the NHS Complaint Standards in practice.  Download a Word version of the model complaints handling procedure from the link below to test within your NHS organisation.
  8. Content Article
    Annie Hunningher highlights the difficulties in measuring an organisation's safety culture and the lack of validated measurement tools available.
  9. Content Article
    Throughout Jens Rasmussen’s career there has been a continued emphasis on the development of methods, techniques and tools for accident analysis and investigation. In this paper, Waterson et al. focus on the evolution and development of one specific example, namely Accimaps and their use for accident analysis.
  10. Content Article
    Patient safety, staff moral and system performance are at the heart of healthcare delivery. Investigation of adverse outcomes is one strategy that enables organisations to learn and improve. Healthcare is now understood as a complex, possibly the most complex, socio-technological system. Despite this the use of a 20th century linear investigation model is still recommended for the investigation of adverse outcomes. In this review, Isherwood and Waterson use data gathered from the investigation of a real life healthcare near incident and apply three different methodologies to the analysis of this data. They compare both the methodologies themselves and the outputs generated. This illustrates how different methodologies generate different system level recommendations. The authors conclude that system based models generate the strongest barriers to improve future performance. Healthcare providers and their regulatory bodies need to embrace system based methodologies if they are to effectively learn from, and reduce future, adverse outcomes.
  11. Content Article
    This dissertation from Ivan Pupulidy, Tilburg University, introduces a network of practices that transformed the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Forest Service accident investigation.  This dissertation uses case studies to show the interweaving of organisational and individual journeys, each of which began with the strength to inquire and to challenge assumptions. The case studies show how constructed realities, including my own, were challenged through inquiry and how four practices emerged that supported sense making at both the field and organisational leadership levels of the organisation.
  12. Content Article
    This review in the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research explains the basics of audit and describes in detail how a clinical audit should be performed and monitored. It includes information on the 'Audit Cycle' and 'Ten Tips for Successful Audits'.
  13. Content Article
    Improving quality is about making healthcare safe, effective, patient-centred, timely, efficient and equitable. It’s about giving the people closest to problems affecting care quality the time, permission, skills and resources they need to solve them. As we shift from the emergency phase of COVID-19 it is vital that health and care workforces are able and supported to lead radical service change and improvements through re-starting, re-designing or developing new processes, pathways and services. 
  14. Content Article
    Root cause analysis (RCA) is a process widely used by health professionals to learn how and why errors occurred, but there have been inconsistencies in the success of these initiatives.
  15. Community Post
    As discussed at the network meeting as I can find the relevant folder, this is my simplified approach to SEIPS and open to suggested changes. It's nothing new per se (interactions), just the way I am approaching it at the moment which, as the new world order (PSIRF) moves into play I am trying to test it out in a meaningful way. I have included a simplified example. Regards Keith Understanding System Interactions.pdf
  16. Community Post
    Dear hub members We've a request to help from New South Wales. They and their RLDatix colleagues request: The public healthcare system in New South Wales (NSW), Australia is changing how we investigate health care incidents. We are aiming to add to our armoury of investigation methods for serious clinical incidents and would love to hear your suggestions. Like many health care settings worldwide, in NSW we have solely used Root Cause Analysis (RCA) for over 15 years. We are looking for alternate investigation methods to complement RCA. So we are putting the call out … Are there other serious incident investigation methods (other than RCAs) you would recommend? What’s been your experience with introducing and/or using these methods? Do you have learnings, data or resources that you could share? Do you have policy or procedure documents about specific methods? Any journal articles – health care or otherwise – that are must-reads? We've many resources on investigations on the hub and recent thinking in the UK and internationally that might be of value including: UK Parliamentary report - Investigating clinical incidents in the NHS and from that the creation of A Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch applying a wide range of methodologies in national learning investigations informed by ergonomics and human factors UK's NHS Improvement recent engagement on a new Serious Incident Framework (due to piloted in early 2020) Dr Helen Higham work with the AHSN team in Oxford to improve the quality of incident investigations Patient engagement in investigations Lessons to be learned from Inquiries into unsafe care and reflections on the quality of investigations Insights by leading investigators and resources written specifically for us by inclusion our Expert Topic Lead @MartinL Do check these out in this section of the hub https://www.pslhub.org/learn/investigations-risk-management-and-legal-issues/ Please add to this knowledge and give us your reflections. We'd be happy to start up specific discussions on topics of interest. Thank you all, Helen
  17. Content Article
    In the first in a series of blogs looking at the range of investigation methods used by HSIB, Nichola Crust reflects on how Appreciative Inquiry can be used to examine patient safety and identify opportunities for learning.
  18. Content Article
    Judy Walker summarises four tools that can be used for the Patient Safety Incident Response Framework (PSIRF), explaining what they are and the strengths and weaknesses of each: SWARM Huddle MDT Review After Action Review Patient Safety Incident Investigation (PSII).
  19. Content Article
    Safety voice is the act of speaking up about safety in order to prevent accidents and physical harm. This systematic review in the journal Safety Science aimed to determine how safety voice differs conceptually from employee voice, is described across levels of analysis and could be best investigated. The authors found that there are important challenges for safety voice in terms of developing methodologies and interventions.
  20. Content Article
    This article in the journal IJQHC Communications examines how looking at the ‘Head’, ‘Heart’ and ‘Hands’ aspects of quality improvement can accelerate adoption of change, optimise the use of resources and maximise the impact and sustainability of interventions. It defines the different elements of Head, Heart and Hands approaches and looks at how these could be applied to rapidly changing environments such as healthcare systems during the Covid-19 pandemic.
  21. Content Article
    This download is the first of three chapters of a book which complements the Chartered Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors' Healthcare Learning Pathway and is intended as a practical resource for students
  22. Content Article
    Always Events are defined as “those aspects of the patient and family experience that should always occur when patients interact with healthcare professionals and the health care delivery system”. NHS England has been leading an initiative for developing, implementing, and spreading an approach to reliably integrate Always Events into routine frontline services. Always Events® is a co-production quality improvement methodology which seeks to understand what really matters to patients, people who use services, their families and carers and then co-design changes to improve experience of care. Genuine partnerships between patients, service users, care providers, and clinicians are the foundation for co-designing and implementing reliable solutions that transform care experiences with the goal being an “Always Experience.” This webpage contains: information on the Always Events national programme Always Events toolkit Evaluation of Always Events Always Events film
  23. Content Article
    This download is the second of three chapters of a book which complements the Chartered Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors' Healthcare Learning Pathway and is intended as a practical resource for students.
  24. Content Article
    BioPhorum has developed a risk-based deviation management system (DMS). 13 member companies have implemented this approach, and summary data from these companies shows improved quality performance plus an average time saving of 22,200 work hours per site per year, which is equivalent to a $888k cost saving. An effective deviation management process is one that identifies and removes risk from processes using root cause analysis (RCA) principles and a corrective and preventive action (CAPA) programme. The current model used by many biopharmaceutical companies considers all deviations or events are equal and require a 30-day closure, known as the ‘30-day rule’1. Treating all events as equal and following the ‘30-day rule’ drives an inefficient process and wasteful behaviours. This guide outlines the work of the BioPhorum DMS Workstream in defining and creating a simplified and effective risk-based deviation management system with advanced RCA methodologies, and a track-and-trending process of low-risk events. It includes everything required to build a risk-based approach to DMS, including the business case for change, the new process, risk-based tools, and a detailed sharing of post-implementation benefit.
  25. Content Article
    The Health Index is a new tool to measure a broad variety of health outcomes and risk factors over time, and for different geographic areas. This methodology article explains how the Health Index has been constructed.
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