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Found 15 results
  1. Content Article
    Community pharmacies in Sweden have changed during the COVID-19 pandemic, and new routines have been introduced to address the needs of customers and staff and to reduce the risk of spreading infection. Burnout has been described among staff possibly due to a changed working climate. However, little research has focused on the pandemic's effect on patient safety in community pharmacies. The aim of this study was to examine pharmacists' perceptions of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on workload, working environment, and patient safety in community pharmacies.
  2. News Article
    A Swedish court has found an Italian surgeon, once hailed for pioneering windpipe surgery, guilty of causing bodily harm to a patient, but cleared him of assault charges. Paolo Macchiarini won praise in 2011 after claiming to have performed the world’s first synthetic trachea transplants using stem cells while he was a surgeon at Stockholm’s Karolinska University hospital. The experimental procedure was hailed as a breakthrough in regenerative medicine. But allegations soon emerged that the procedure had been carried out on at least one person who had not been critically ill at the time of the surgery. During the May trial, held in the Solna district court, prosecutors argued that the surgeries on three patients in Sweden constituted assault, or alternatively bodily harm due to negligence, as Macchiarini disregarded “science and proven experience”. The district court agreed with the prosecutors, but cleared Macchiarini on two counts as the patients’ health was in such a dire state. “Given the patients’ condition, the district court finds that the procedures on the first two patients were justifiable,” it said in a statement. However, in the third patient, the court found him guilty of "causing bodily harm". "At the time of the third procedure, the experience from the first procedures was such that the surgeon should have refrained from letting yet another patient go through the operation", the court said. Macchiarini was handed a suspended sentence. Read full story Source: The Guardian, 16 June 2022
  3. News Article
    A Swedish appeals court on Wednesday increased a prison sentence for an Italian surgeon over experimental stem cell windpipe transplants on three patients who died. Dr Paolo Macchiarini made headlines in 2011 for carrying out the world’s first stem cell windpipe transplants at Sweden’s leading hospital and had been sentenced to no prison time by a lower court. But the Svea Court of Appeal concluded that there were no emergency situations among two of the three patients who later died, while the procedure on the third could not be justified. The appeals court sentenced the Italian scientist to 2 1/2 years in jail for causing the death of three people between 2011 and 2014. “The patients have been caused bodily harm and suffering,” the appeals court said of the two men and one woman. The patients, it concluded, “could have lived for a not insignificant amount of time without the interventions.” Macchiarini denied any criminal wrongdoing. Once considered a leading figure in regenerative medicine, Macchiarini has been credited with creating the world’s first windpipe partially made from a patient’s own stem cells. Read full story Source: ABC News, 21 June 2023
  4. Content Article
    This paper, published by the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) aimed to explore how parental wealth and race affect maternal and infant health outcomes in California. The authors used administrative data that combines the California birth records, hospitalisations and death records with parental income from Internal Revenue Service tax records and the Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics file to provide new evidence on economic inequality in infant and maternal health. The paper also used birth outcomes and infant mortality rates in Sweden as a benchmark, finding that infant and maternal health is worse in California than in Sweden for most outcomes throughout the entire income distribution.
  5. Content Article
    The Resilient Health Care Society (RHCS) is a non-profit organisation registered in Sweden. The goal of the Society is to provide an international forum for coordination and exchange of principles, practices, and experiences, by bringing together researchers and professionals working with or interested in Resilient Health Care. Research and practice in Resilient Health Care aims to develop and promote practical solutions, based on a solid scientific foundation, to ensure that health care systems can perform as intended under expected and unexpected conditions alike. Links to some of their publications can be found below.
  6. Content Article
    Sweden was well equipped to prevent the pandemic of COVID-19 from becoming serious. Over 280 years of collaboration between political bodies, authorities, and the scientific community had yielded many successes in preventive medicine. Sweden’s population is literate and has a high level of trust in authorities and those in power. During 2020, however, Sweden had ten times higher COVID-19 death rates compared with neighbouring Norway. In this report, Nele Brusselaers et al. try to understand why, using a narrative approach to evaluate the Swedish COVID-19 policy and the role of scientific evidence and integrity. We argue that that scientific methodology was not followed by the major figures in the acting authorities—or the responsible politicians—with alternative narratives being considered as valid, resulting in arbitrary policy decisions.
  7. Content Article
    The aim of this study from Björklund et al. was to describe factors that contribute to the occurrence of workplace bullying, that enable it to continue and the coping strategies managers use when they are bullied.  They found that several factors could be linked to the bullying: being new in the managerial position; lack of clarity about roles and expectations; taking over a work group with ongoing conflicts; reorganisations. The bullying usually lasted for quite some time. Factors that allowed the bullying to continue were passive bystanders and the bullies receiving support from higher management. The managers in this study adopted a variety of problem-focused and emotion-focused coping strategies. However, in the end most chose to leave the organisation.
  8. Content Article
    In this study, published in the Journal of Patient Safety and Risk Management, the authors explore and compare types and longitudinal trends of hospital adverse events in Norway and Sweden in the years 2013-2018 with special reference to the adverse events that contributed to death. They found that 13.2% of hospital admissions in Norway and 13.1% in Sweden were associated with an adverse event, with 0.23% of admissions in Norway and 0.26% in Sweden associated with an adverse event that contributed to death. In addition to the similar rates in adverse events between the two countries, the authors also found that there was no significant change in the level adverse events or fatal adverse events in either country over the six-year time period.
  9. Event
    2022 marks the 10th anniversary of “Journalen” in Sweden. It was in 2012 that Region Uppsala first give citizens online access to their electronic health records (EHR) for the first time. Since then, a lot has happened in Sweden, and today people all over Sweden have direct online access to their EHR through the e-health service “Journalen” on 1177.se. Online access to EHRs is also highly relevant internationally, and we have also invited international researchers to Uppsala to share experiences of the implementation and effects of patients online access to records throughout the world. It will be a 2-day event with invited speakers from both the US and Europe. The conference will have a scientific focus and will also be open to the public. Conference programme Register for the conference
  10. News Article
    Swedish expert has praised Scotland for leading work in improving patient safety, with a decade-long programme which is now expanding into social care. Dr Pelle Gustafson (below), chief medical officer, of Swedish patient insurer Löf, said he was “particularly impressed” by the work in Scotland over the past 10 years during a meeting of the House of Commons Health and Social Care Committee. The Scottish Patient Safety Programme (SPSP), which has been in existence for around 13 years, was set up to make patient safety a priority in NHS Scotland, drawing on lessons from the airline industry such as introducing checklists. Gustafson was asked by Tory MP Dr Luke Evans which country he would hold at the “very top of the pillar” for preventative work during an evidence session on NHS litigation reform last week. He responded: “If you take all preventive work as regards patient safety, I would say that I am personally very impressed by Scotland. “In Scotland, you have a long-standing tradition of working. You have development in the right direction. “You have a system that is fairly equal all over the place and you also have improvement activities going on. I am very impressed by Scotland.” He added: “I am particularly impressed by the Scottish work over the last 10 years. There are a lot of things that we, in the Nordic countries, can learn from Scotland too.” Read full story Source: The National, 16 January 2022
  11. Content Article
    This study, published in the Journal of Patient Safety, looks at how preventable adverse events and near misses are identified, based on data from an acute care hospital in western Sweden. It examines how many events are identified through structured record review, web-based incident reporting and daily safety briefings, and the different types of events identified by each method. Reflecting on its findings, the authors suggest that health care organisations should adopt multiple methods to get a comprehensive review of the number and type of events occurring in their setting.
  12. Content Article
    This thesis explores different aspects of risk and safety in healthcare, adding to previous research by studying patient safety in first-contact care, primary care and the emergency department. The author investigated preventable harm and serious safety incidents in primary health care and emergency departments, and found that diagnostic error was the most common type or error. The thesis makes recommendations for safety improvements at all levels of a healthcare system.
  13. Content Article
    Daily huddles with staff are used to support incident reporting and learning in healthcare. This study considers a Safety-II-inspired model for safety huddles developed and implemented at the Neonatal Care Unit at a regional hospital in Sweden.
  14. Content Article
    100 days into her role as interim Chief Inspector at the Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch (HSIB), Dr Rosie Pennyworth reflects on her focus so far. She talks about spending time developing close relationships with HSIB staff to ensure she is able to effectively guide them through the transformation process as the organisation becomes the Health Services Safety Investigations Body (HSSIB). She also talks about keeping patients and families at the centre of future strategy and developing an international network with counterpart organisations in the US, Sweden and Norway.
  15. Content Article
    Patient lead users can be defined as patients or relatives who use their knowledge and experience to improve their own or a relative’s care situation and/or the healthcare system, and who are active beyond what is usually expected. This study in the BMJ Open aimed to explore patient lead users’ experiences and engagement during the early Covid-19 pandemic in Sweden, from 1 June to 14 September 2020. The authors recruited 10 patient lead users living with different long-term conditions and undertook qualitative in-depth interviews with each of them. They found that health systems were not able to fully acknowledge and engage with the resource of patient lead users during the pandemic, event though they could be a valuable resource as a complementary communication channel.
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