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Found 20 results
  1. Content Article
    The adrenal glands are found in the fatty tissue at the back of the abdomen above each kidney, and produce steroid and adrenaline hormones. Surgery on tumours of the adrenal gland is uncommon compared with surgery for other tumours such as those of the breast, bowel, kidney and lung. Research has shown that the more adrenal operations a surgeon undertakes per year, the better the overall outcomes for patients undergoing that type of surgery. In this study, the outcomes from adrenal operations recorded over 18 years in the national adrenal surgical registry were analysed. The results confirmed previous findings showing that postoperative complications and length of hospital stay were reduced for patients operated by surgeons who did more adrenal operations per year. Operations done by keyhole surgery had better outcomes. Operations done either in older patients, or for the rare adrenal cancer tumours had worse outcomes, as did operations in which both adrenal glands were removed. The authors recommended that all surgeons performing adrenal surgery should monitor the outcomes of their operations, ideally in a national registry, and discuss these with patients before surgery; and undertake a minimum of six adrenal operations per year, but a minimum of 12 per year if doing surgery for adrenal cancer or surgery to remove both adrenal glands.
  2. Content Article
    This leaflet aims to help people with type 1 diabetes decide between the different technologies available to manage diabetes. It contains summaries of devices available and infographics outlining eligibility criteria for continuous glucose monitors (CGM), insulin pumps and hybrid-closed loop systems. Diabetes care is one of the five clinical areas of focus for integrated care boards and partnerships to achieve system change and improve care as part of Core20Plus5 for children and young people with the aim to increase access to real-time continuous glucose monitors and insulin pumps across the most deprived quintiles and from ethnic minority backgrounds.
  3. News Article
    A lack of diabetes checks following the first Covid lockdown may have killed more than 3,000 people, a major NHS study suggests. Those with the condition are supposed to undergo regular checks to detect cardiac problems, infections and other changes that could prove deadly. But researchers said a move to remote forms of healthcare delivery and a reduction in routine care meant some of the most crucial physical examinations did not take place during the 12 months following the first lockdown. Experts said the findings showed patients had suffered “absolutely devastating” consequences and were being “pushed to the back of the queue”. The study, led by Prof Jonathan Valabhji, the national clinical director for diabetes and obesity, links the rise in deaths to a fall in care the previous year. It showed that, during 2020/21, just 26.5% of diabetes patients received their full set of checks, compared with 48.1% the year before. Those who got all their checks in 2019-20 but did not receive them the following year had mortality rates 66% higher than those who did not miss out, the study, published in Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology, found. The study shows that foot checks, which rely on physical appointments, saw the sharpest drop, falling by more than 37%. “The care process with the greatest reduction was the one that requires the most in-person contact – foot surveillance – possibly reflecting issues around social distancing, lockdown measures, and the move to remote forms of healthcare delivery,” the study found. Those in the poorest areas were most likely to miss out. Read full story (paywalled) Source: The Telegraph, 30 May 2022
  4. Content Article
    This multinational research study in the journal Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice aimed to investigate perceived to people with diabetes adopting and maintaining open-source automated insulin delivery (AID) systems. 129 participants with type 1 diabetes from 31 countries were recruited online to elicit their perceived barriers towards the building and maintaining of an open-source AID system. The study identified a range of structural and individual-level barriers to the uptake of open-source AID, including: sourcing the necessary components lack of confidence in one's own technology knowledge and skills perceived time and energy required to build a system fear of losing healthcare provider support Some of these individual-level barriers may be overcome over time through the peer-support of the DIY online community as well as greater acceptance of open-source innovation among healthcare professionals. The findings have important implications for understanding the possible wider use of open-source diabetes technology solutions in the future. Further reading How safe are closed loop artificial pancreas systems?
  5. Content Article
    This report by the National Paediatric Diabetes Audit (NPDA) looks at diabetes care for children in England and Wales in 2021-22. The effectiveness of diabetes care is measured against NICE guidelines and includes treatment targets, health checks, patient education, psychological wellbeing, and assessment of diabetes-related complications including acute hospital admissions, all of which are vital for monitoring and improving the long-term health and wellbeing of children and young people with diabetes. In 2021/22, 100% of paediatric diabetes teams participated in the NPDA.
  6. Content Article
    The National Paediatric Diabetes Audit (NPDA) is performed annually in England and Wales and aims to provide information that leads to improved quality care for children and young people affected by diabetes. The audit is funded by the Department of Health through the Healthcare Quality Improvement Partnership (HQIP). Key messages in this 2020-21 annual report on care processes and outcomes include: There was an increase of an increase of 20.7% in the number of children aged 0-15 diagnosed with type 1 diabetes compared with 2019-20. Completion rates on recommended health checks were lower than in previous years due to the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. There was wide variation between paediatric diabetes units in the completion rates of all key annual health checks. A smaller percentage of newly-diagnosed children and young people started insulin pump therapy compared to previous years. The national median HbA1c (a measure of blood glucose control) reduced from 61.5 mmol/mol to 61.0mmol/mol between 2019/20 and 2020/21, following several years of year on year decreases (improvement) in the national median. Children from ethnic minorities were less likely to be using insulin pumps and continuous glucose monitors (CGMs) than white children. However, the highest percentage increase between audit years in the use of CGMs was seen in black children and young people with type 1 diabetes.
  7. Content Article
    This guidance document for healthcare professionals highlights language that can discourage a person with type 1 diabetes, and what kind of language can motivate them. The project produced by The Diabesties Foundation and Diabetes India, and was adopted from the Language Matters guidance produced by NHS England. The guidance is available to download in English, Hindi and Tamil.
  8. Content Article
    This best practice guideline for healthcare professionals covers optimum injection technique for people with diabetes taking injectable medications. It is an update to the original Injection Technique Matters guideline published in 2009.
  9. Content Article
    This guide for people who inject insulin or GLP-1 to treat diabetes includes information on: how to correctly inject insulin where to inject to ensure insulin and GLP-1 medication enter the body correctly how to avoid ‘Lipos’ how to store medication correctly how to dispose of needles safely.
  10. Content Article
    This checklist is for people who inject insulin or GLP-1 medication to treat their diabetes. It details the steps patients should take to ensure they inject their medication correctly and explains the impact of failing to take certain steps - such as moving injection sites and changing needles - on blood glucose control.
  11. Content Article
    For World Diabetes Day, Lotty Tizzard, Patient Safety Learning's Content and Engagement Manager, takes a look at the benefits of closed-loop insulin delivery, how patients have literally led on its development, and patient safety issues associated with artificial pancreas systems.
  12. Content Article
    Getting It Right First Time (GIRFT) is designed to improve the quality of care within the NHS by reducing unwarranted variations. By tackling variations in the way services are delivered across the NHS, and by sharing best practice between trusts, GIRFT identifies changes that will help improve care and patient outcomes, as well as delivering efficiencies such as the reduction of unnecessary procedures and cost savings.
  13. Content Article
    Getting It Right First Time (GIRFT) is designed to improve the quality of care within the NHS by reducing unwarranted variations. By tackling variations in the way services are delivered across the NHS, and by sharing best practice between trusts, GIRFT identifies changes that will help improve care and patient outcomes, as well as delivering efficiencies such as the reduction of unnecessary procedures and cost savings.
  14. Content Article
    Partha Kar, National Specialty Advisor for NHS England, has led work that has had an enormous impact for patients and for patient safety. In this video podcast, Steph O'Donohue from Patient Safety Learning talks to Partha about his leadership style and how it has helped him drive forward significant change in an often challenging context.  Partha talks about the power of the patient community, workforce morale, sharing failures and leading with honesty. 
  15. Content Article
    Staying in hospital can be a frightening experience for people with diabetes. In 2017, an estimated 9,600 people required rescue treatment after falling into a coma following a severe hypoglycaemic attack in hospital and 2,200 people suffered from Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) due to under treatment with insulin. This report by Diabetes UK outlines the patient safety issues and suggests the following measures are needed to make hospitals safer for people with diabetes: multidisciplinary diabetes inpatient teams in all hospitals better support in hospitals for people to take ownership of their diabetes better access to systems and technology more support to help hospitals learn from mistakes strong clinical leadership from diabetes inpatient teams knowledgeable healthcare professionals who understand diabetes.
  16. Content Article
    The Office for Health Improvement and Disparities, part of the UK Government Department of Health and Social Care, highlighted an emerging signal of increased non-COVID-19-related deaths in England between July and October, 2021, with a potentially disproportionate higher increase in people with diabetes. Valabhji et al. aimed to substantiate and quantify this apparent excess mortality, and to investigate the association between diabetes routine care delivery and non-COVID-19-related-mortality in people with diabetes before and after the onset of the pandemic. They examined whether completion of eight diabetes care processes in each of the two years before the index mortality year was associated with non-COVID-19-related death. Results of the study show an increased risk of mortality in those who did not receive all eight care processes in one or both of the previous two years. These results provide evidence that the increased rate of non-COVID-19-related mortality in people with diabetes in England observed between 3 July and 15 October 2021 is associated with a reduction in completion of routine diabetes care processes following the pandemic onset in 2020.
  17. Content Article
    In this article for The BMJ, Partha Kar, consultant in diabetes and endocrinology, looks at the importance of education and peer support in self-management for people with long-term conditions. He looks at how diabetes peer support and education programmes have adapted to the need for remote access during the pandemic, and suggests that increased access to these elements of diabetes care may have helped reduce diabetic ketoacidosis hospital admissions during the first wave of Covid-19.
  18. Content Article
    Robbie Powell, 10, from Ystradgynlais, Powys, died at Swansea's Morriston Hospital, of Addison's disease in 1990. Four months earlier Addison's disease had been suspected by paediatricians at this hospital, when an ACTH test was ordered but was not carried out. Although Robbie's GPs were informed of the suspicion of Addison's disease, the need for the ACTH test and that Robbie should be immediately admitted back to hospital, if he became unwell, this crucial and lifesaving information was not communicated to Robbie's parents. At the time of Robbie's death, the Swansea Coroner refused the Powells' request for an inquest claiming that the child had died of natural causes. However, the Powells secured a 'Fiat' [Court Order] from the Attorney General in 2000 and an inquest took place in 2004, fourteen years after Robbie died. The verdict was 'natural causes contributed by neglect' confirming that an inquest should have taken place in 1990. Since Robbie's death, his father Will Powell, has mounted a long campaign to get a public inquiry into Robbie's  case.
  19. Content Article
    Medication errors are not uncommon among people with diabetes admitted to hospital and the consequences for their health can be very serious. Rowan Hillson Award winners from Derby, Sheffield and London talk to Diabetes Update about the work they are doing on insulin safety. Through its new Improving Inpatient Care programme, Diabetes UK will translate lessons learned from these examples of good practice to ensure hospital teams have the support they need to improve care for people with diabetes
  20. Content Article
    The language used by healthcare professionals can have a profound impact on how people living with diabetes, and those who care for them, experience their condition and feel about living with it day-to-day. This guidance by NHS England sets out practical examples of language that will encourage positive interactions with people living with diabetes and subsequently positive outcomes. These examples are based on research and supported by a simple set of principles.
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