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Found 813 results
  1. Content Article
    In Birmingham, eight out of 10 Somali children live in ‘poor’ households with low levels of economic activity and high rates of mental health issues, such as PTSD. In the UK, six in 10 (59%) people in the Somali community live in overcrowded accommodation, compared to fewer than one in 10 (8%) of the overall population. Meanwhile, studies show that many Somali people find it difficult to access health and social care services, due to language and socio-economic barriers. Suad Duale is a community activist, clinician, mother and researcher who grew up as a Somali refugee in Birmingham. In this blog for The King's Fund, she describes how unfair treatment of the Somali community leads to a collective lack of trust in professionals, particularly in the health system. She describes the issues contributing to the disparities faced by the community, including a lack of people from the Somali community in leadership roles who are able to advocate for the needs of the community. She describes the work of Dream Chaser Youth Club in Birmingham, where she volunteers by acting as a link to help people from the Somali community connect with health and care services.
  2. Content Article
    This BMJ long-read article argues that health is going in the wrong direction in the UK, and reversing the trend requires political and societal commitment to deal with the underlying causes. It proposes evidence-based solutions to the worsening health and widening inequalities in the UK through action on the social determinants of health.
  3. Content Article
    This report from Public Policy Projects (PPP) calls for changes in the use of approved medicines to improve diabetes care in the UK. It is the first in a series looking at specific areas of diabetes care in the UK.
  4. Content Article
    Women with learning disabilities are less likely to access cervical and breast cancer screening when compared to the general population. In this study, the Social Ecological Model (SEM) was used to examine the inequalities faced by women with learning disabilities in accessing cervical and breast cancer screening in England. The study highlighted the following barriers to access for women with learning disabilities:Women with learning disabilities may lack knowledge of cancer symptoms and cancer screening, as well as being scared about the process and getting the results. The attitudes of family and paid carers towards screening may influence women with learning disabilities' decisions as to whether screening is seen as favourable; support and training may ensure unbiased perspectives. Barriers associated with how cancer screening programmes are designed, such as postal invitations which assumes an ability to read. Screening staff need to be aware of the general needs of people with learning disabilities, such as the benefits of easy-to-read documents. Multidisciplinary working is required so reasonable adjustments can be embedded into cancer screening pathways.The authors suggest that multiple methods to reduce the inequalities faced by women with learning disabilities are needed, and that these can be achieved through reasonable adjustments. Embedding reasonable adjustments can support women with learning disabilities in making an informed decision and accessing screening if they choose to. This may result in women with learning disabilities getting a timely cancer diagnosis.
  5. Content Article
    Healthcare access, quality of care received and social factors such as income, housing and food insecurity, all impact the health outcomes of US residents. Growing evidence has pointed to wellness gaps and disparities among the different racial and ethnic populations that make up the country. This research by Innerbody takes a closer look at: what groups are the most uninsured across the US healthcare quality and life expectancy across races.
  6. Content Article
    This BMJ opinion piece highlights that seeing women’s health as synonymous with sexual, reproductive and maternal health means that gaps remain in health provision to meet the wider needs of women. The Government recently outlined its 2024 priorities that build on the 2022 Women’s Health Strategy for England. The authors welcome the focus on specific areas of need, but highlight that the priorities reinforce a traditional view of women’s health and miss an opportunity to encourage policymakers, healthcare providers and the public to take a broader view. They argue that a broader approach would reduce critical gaps in the evidence base and care and treatment relating to diseases and conditions that present only in women, disproportionately in women, and differently in women.
  7. Content Article
    Co-production is a method of engaging with communities, via partnership and power-sharing between professionals and communities to co-create solutions and decisions, with the intended long-term benefit of improving healthcare delivery and outcomes. This report from NHS Providers outlines the principles of co-production and actions trusts can take to apply engagement methodologies across their organisation. It provides an overview of different forms of engagement and summarises the potential benefits to trusts, including improved patient experiences and outcomes, and the delivery of more inclusive healthcare services that better meet the needs of local communities. It also makes the connection between engagement, co-production and the broader health inequalities agenda, unlocking the potential for collaboratively developing solutions to address complex barriers to health services experienced by some communities.
  8. News Article
    Black people have the highest rate of sexually transmitted infections in Britain and officials are not doing enough to address the issue, sexual health experts have warned. Black Britons have “disproportionally high rates” of various STI diagnoses compared to white Britons, with those of Black Caribbean heritage specifically having the highest rates for chlamydia, gonorrhoea, herpes and trichomoniasis. Experts have told The Independent that healthcare providers are failing to address these disparities in STIs. They have called for more research to fully understand the complicated reasons why STIs are higher among people of Black ethnicity. Research conducted through the Health Protection Research Unit (HPRU) found that there were no clinical or behavioural factors explaining the disproportionately high rates of STI diagnoses among Black people. But higher rates of poverty and poor health literacy among marginalised communities are all linked with higher STI rates, according to a 2016 study, which found that behavioural and contextual factors are likely to be contributing. Moreover, experiences of racism among Black people can fuel a reluctance to engage with sexual health services and test frequently, according to HIV activist Susan Cole-Haley. She told The Independent: “I very much believe that it is linked to socioeconomic disadvantage and racism, often in healthcare settings, which can be a significant barrier for people accessing testing, for instance, and feeling comfortable engaging with care.” Read full story Source: The Independent, 19 February 2023
  9. Content Article
    Local authorities fund many of the services—such as housing, education and social care—which either support or tackle the drivers of health inequalities. The Institute of Health Equity (IHE) has looked at every local authority in England and plotted levels of health, inequalities in health and cuts in their spending power. This report provides information from 17 local authorities with statistically significant increases in inequalities in life expectancy. The report shows, since 2010, central government spending cuts to local authorities were highest in areas with lower life expectancy and more health inequalities, further harming health in these places. It also confirms widening inequalities in life expectancy between regions in England and within local authorities since 2010.
  10. Content Article
    Health inequities are systematic differences in the health status of different population groups. These inequities have significant social and economic costs both to individuals and societies. In this blog, Nichola Crust, Senior Safety Investigator at the Health Services Safety Investigations Body, shares how one primary care network in the north of England is tackling health inequity by building relationships beyond traditional healthcare boundaries, with patient-centred leadership.
  11. Content Article
    This study in the American Journal of Surgery looked at whether language barriers have the potential to influence acute stroke outcomes. The authors examined postoperative stroke outcomes among non-English primary language speakers and found that there were no differences in length-of-stay or secondary outcomes, but there were higher odds of feeding tube placement.
  12. Content Article
    The debate about fairness of artificial intelligence (AI) in health care is gaining momentum. At present, the focus of the debate is on identifying unfair outcomes resulting from biased algorithmic decision making. This article in The Lancet Digital Health looks at the ethical principles guiding outcome fairness in AI algorithms.
  13. Content Article
    The Patient and Carer Race Equality Framework (PCREF) was a recommendation following the national Mental Health Act Review in 2018. This video by South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (SLAM) explains PCREF and how it is being applied at the Trust.
  14. Content Article
    Sheffield Health and Social Care NHS Foundation Trust's (SHSCFT's) Patient and Carer Race Equality Framework (PCREF) aims to help the Trust's staff and communities understand how to have sensitive conversations with patients and carers and to get better information from them. This will mean the Trust is more culturally aware and able to offer culturally appropriate care by understanding the barriers ethnic minority communities face in getting healthcare services for diagnosis and treatment. This video was produced by SHSCFT to guide staff in having conversations about collecting information on ethnicity from patients and carers.
  15. Content Article
    Sheffield Health and Social Care NHS Foundation Trust's (SHSCFT's) Patient and Carer Race Equality Framework (PCREF) aims to help the Trust's staff and communities understand how to have sensitive conversations with patients and carers and to get better information from them. This will mean the Trust is more culturally aware and able to offer culturally appropriate care by understanding the barriers ethnic minority communities face in getting healthcare services for diagnosis and treatment. This video was produced by SHSCFT to help staff, service users and their families understand the importance of sharing information around their ethnicity and protected characteristics.
  16. Content Article
    This toolkit is a practical guide for system leaders that will help to inform future spending on health inequalities and support implementation of high-impact changes within integrated care boards (ICBs) to address health inequalities. It aims to build system leaders’ confidence in their ability to tackle inequalities in their organisations and is accompanied by a research report that looks at the approaches systems took to spending health inequalities money. It is structured in line with the four main stages of quality improvement methods:  Culture, leadership and governance Understanding the problem Developing the best solution Evaluating success
  17. Event
    This virtual launch event celebrates the ARMA report Act Now: MSK Health inequalities and deprivation. • Hear about the findings of the report and what they mean for health services and healthcare professionals. • How does deprivation relate to MSK health? • What are the 5 steps to addressing health inequalities and what do they look like in practice? • What are the particular issues for children and young people? • What can you do to create change if you act now? Join the discussion with the panel: • Anthony Gilbert, Postdoctoral Clinical Research Physiotherapist, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust • Shabir Aziz, Lived Experience Partner • Lesley Kay, National Clinical Director for MSK, NHS England • Jacqui Clinch, Consultant Paediatric Rheumatologist Register for the event
  18. News Article
    Ethnic minorities and young people require more visits than other people to the GP before being diagnosed with cancer, according to new analysis. On average, one in five people across England require three or more GP interactions before being diagnosed with cancer. But for people from ethnic minority backgrounds, the figure rises to one in three, according to analysis of the NHS cancer patient experience 2022 survey by QualityWatch, a joint programme from the Nuffield Trust and the Health Foundation. For young people aged between 16 and 24, about half needed at least three GP visits before being diagnosed, with 20% needing at least five visits. Despite this, young people were still more likely to be diagnosed at an early stage in their cancer. Prof Kamila Hawthorne, the chair of the Royal College of GPs, said that identifying cancer symptoms in young people could be challenging as the risk for the group was generally much smaller. Hawthorne said: “Ensuring patients receive timely and appropriate referrals for suspected cancers is a priority for GPs – and to this end, they are doing a good job, making more urgent referrals and ensuring more cancers are being diagnosed at an early stage than ever. “Whilst GPs are highly trained to identify cancers, this remains challenging in primary care, not least and particularly with some cancers, because the symptoms are often vague and typical of other, more common conditions.” Dr Liz Fisher, senior fellow at the Nuffield Trust, said: “Delays to a cancer diagnosis pose real risks for people and an early diagnosis plays a pivotal role in determining the treatments available to people and determining outcomes. “The NHS has set an ambitious goal to dramatically increase early detection of cancer, but performance in this area has stubbornly stalled in recent years. Everyone’s experience of cancer diagnosis is different but the risks to delays aren’t felt equally, with younger people and those from minority ethnic groups requiring more visits to health professionals to secure a diagnosis.” Read full story Source: The Guardian, 24 April 2024
  19. Content Article
    Little is known as to whether the effects of physician sex on patients’ clinical outcomes vary by patient sex. This study examined whether the association between physician sex and hospital outcomes varied between female and male patients hospitalised with medical conditions. The findings indicate that patients have lower mortality and readmission rates when treated by female physicians, and the benefit of receiving treatments from female physicians is larger for female patients than for male patients.
  20. News Article
    The government has been accused of “deprioritising women’s health” as analysis shows that almost 600,000 women in England are waiting for gynaecological treatment, an increase of a third over two years. There are 33,000 women waiting more than a year for such treatment, an increase of 43%, according to Labour analysis of data from the House of Commons library. It found that there is no region in England that meets the government’s target for cervical cancer screening of 80% coverage, with just over two-thirds of women (68.7%) having been screened in the past five and a half years. Also, one in four women (26%) with suspected breast cancer waited more than a fortnight to see a specialist in the year to September 2023. Under two-thirds (66.4%) of eligible women have been screened for breast cancer in the last three years, with just two English regions meeting the 70% coverage target. The NHS target in England is that 92% of patients have a referral-to-treatment time of less than 18 weeks. The figures come after the government pledged to end decades of gender-based health inequalities through a new women’s health strategy for England. Read full story Source: The Guardian, 22 April 2024
  21. Content Article
    Around 1.3 million people in England have a learning disability and may need more support to stay in good health. But are they able to get access to the services they are entitled to in order to prevent illness? This Nuffield Trust report looks at a set of five key preventive healthcare services and functions to understand whether they are working as they should for people with a learning disability.
  22. Content Article
    There have been two turning points in trends in life expectancy in England this century. From 2011, increases in life expectancy slowed after decades of steady improvement, prompting much debate about the causes. Then, in 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic was a more significant turning point, causing a sharp fall in life expectancy, the magnitude of which has not been seen since World War II.  This article from the King's Fund examines trends in life expectancy at birth up to 2022, the impact of Covid-19 on life expectancy, gender differences and inequalities in life expectancy, causes of the changing trends since 2011, and how life expectancy in the UK compares with other countries.
  23. Event
    Decades of research has shown that the health of the population in England is unequal, with people who live in more deprived areas experiencing illness earlier in life and dying younger. Previous Health Foundation analysis has projected that 9.3 million people could be living with major illness by 2040, which is 2.6 million, or 39%, more people than in 2019. In April, the Health Foundation’s REAL Centre published its second report in their ‘Health in 2040’ series, this time exploring how current patterns of ill health vary with deprivation across England, and to what extent this is projected to change by 2040. The findings have important implications for health inequality among the working age population and how it poses a challenge to labour supply and economic growth. This webinar will convene experts to explore what the findings mean for how we might need to change as a society, and what can we do to better prepare for the future. Register
  24. News Article
    A record 3.7 million workers in England will have a major illness by 2040, according to research. On current trends, 700,000 more working-age adults will be living with high healthcare needs or substantial risk of mortality by 2040 – up nearly 25% from 2019 levels, according to a report by the Health Foundation charity. But the authors predicted no improvement in health inequalities for working-age adults by 2040, with 80% of the increase in major illness in more deprived areas. Researchers at the Health Foundation’s research arm and the University of Liverpool examined 1.7m GP and hospital records, alongside mortality data, which was then linked to geographical data to estimate the difference in diagnosed illness by level of deprivation in England in 2019, the last year of health data before the pandemic. They then projected how levels of ill health are predicted to change in England between 2019 and 2040 based on trends in risk factors such as smoking, alcohol use, obesity, diet and physical activity, as well as rates of illness, life expectancy and population changes. Without action, the authors warn, people in the most deprived areas of England are likely to develop a major illness 10 years earlier than those in the least deprived areas and are also three times more likely to die by the age of 70. Read full story Source: The Guardian, 17 April 2024
  25. Content Article
    This Health Foundation report explores how patterns of diagnosed ill health vary by socioeconomic deprivation in England. This report is the second output from the REAL Centre’s programme of research with the University of Liverpool. Building on the projections in Health in 2040, this report is one of the first studies to unpack patterns of inequalities in diagnosed illness by socioeconomic deprivation across England and project them into the future.  Stark inequalities are projected to stubbornly persist up to 2040, with profound implications not only for people’s quality of life, but also their ability to work and the wider economy. The report also finds that health inequality is largely due to a small group of long-term conditions, with chronic pain, type 2 diabetes and anxiety and depression projected to increase at a faster rate in the most deprived areas.
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