Human factors and ergonomics (HF/E) is concerned with the design of work and work systems. There is an increasing appreciation of the value that HF/E can bring to enhancing the quality and safety of care, but the professionalisation of HF/E in healthcare is still in its infancy. In this paper, Sujan et al. set out a vision for HF/E in healthcare based on the work of the Chartered Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors (CIEHF), which is the professional body for HF/E in the UK. The authors consider the contribution of HF/E in design, in digital transformation, in organisational learning and during COVID-19.