The original National Safety Standards for Invasive Procedures (NatSSIPs) were published in 2015. Understanding of how to deliver safe care in a complex and pressurised system is evolving. These revised standards (NatSSIPs2) are intended to share the learning and best practice to support multidisciplinary teams and organisations to deliver safer care.
NatSSIPs2 consists of two inter-related sets of standards:
- The organisational standards are clear expectations of what Trusts and external bodies should do to support teams to deliver safe invasive care.
- The sequential standards are the procedural steps that should be taken where appropriate by individuals and teams, for every patient undergoing an invasive procedure.
The NatSSIPs2 have evolved to have less emphasis on tick boxes or rare ‘Never Events’ and now include cautions, priorities and a clear concept of proportionate checks based on risk. We recognise that ‘teams’ change or may be newly formed on the day of a procedure, and therefore require clear processes. NatSSIPs2 should form the basis of improvement work, inspections and curricula.
Key principles in NatSSIPs2 include:
- The concept that NatSSIPs2 will help achieve of the triple goals of improved patient safety, better team-working and enhanced efficiency.
- The categorisation of invasive procedures into major or minor procedures, each requiring different checks which are proportionate to the risk of harm.
- The benefit of ‘Standardisation, Harmonisation, and Education’ across invasive specialty processes.
- The need to consider human factors with systems thinking, culture, psychological safety and team-work to underpin NatSSIPs2 implementation.
- An update of the WHO Five steps to safer surgery of Team Brief, Sign In, Time Out, Sign Out and Handover/Debrief to include three more steps to make the Sequential Standards (Steps): Consent and Procedural verification; Safe use of implants; and Reconciliation of items (to prevent retained foreign objects). ‘The NatSSIPs Eight’ should be in place for every relevant patient.
- That checks performed by an engaged team enable communication and save misunderstandings, reduce risk, provide clarity and set expectations
- The central role of the patient as a participant in safety checks.
- The need for a learning safety system supported by insight, involvement and improvement.
- A structure of People, Processes and Performance within the organisational standards
- The requirement for adequately resourced organisational leadership and support for safety.
The NatSSIPs2 have been written by practising clinicians, from across the four UK nations, across disciplines, professions and organisations, with patient and organisational input and published by the Centre for Perioperative Care. They incorporate safety science and learning from all UK nations’ patient safety strategies and major reports and investigations.
Are you a healthcare professional interested in learning more about NatSIPPs? On the hub we host the National NatSIPPs Network, a voluntary group of healthcare professionals aiming to reduce the number of patient safety incidents related to invasive procedures. You can join by signing up to the hub today. When putting in your details, please tick ‘National NatSIPPs Network’ in the ‘Join a private group’ section’. If you are already a member of the hub, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.