Vision-based patient monitoring systems (VBPMS) are assistive tools that enable staff to enhance and support patient safety in inpatient services by delivering non-contact measurement of physiological parameters such as pulse and breathing rate, some estimate of patient location, activity or behaviour data and some form of contextual video information (which may be blurred) either in real-time or through subsequent reviews.
In some cases, a VBPMS can be classified as a medical device regulated by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency and have specific indications for use. Providers adopting the technology need to ensure users are appropriately trained.
This document has been developed to support providers of mental health inpatient services that are considering, actively implementing, or who are already advanced in use of vision-based patient monitoring systems (VBPMS) to create or update their protocols, policies, and governance arrangements to support safe use for the benefit of patients and staff. Its aim is to support individual healthcare providing organisations in their current or future use of VBPMS to standardise implementation approaches across the country and provide a platform for sharing learning. Particular attention has been paid to recommendations that underpin governance of the system in addition to its safe, effective, and ethical use.
Recommendations from the document should be used at the discretion of each organisation to fit their specific needs and local circumstances.