Recent work has emphasised the benefits of patient-physician concordance on clinical care outcomes for underrepresented minorities, arguing it can boost communication and increase trust. Authors of this study explored concordance in a setting where racial disparities are particularly severe: childbirth.
In the United States, Black newborns die at three times the rate of White newborns. Results examining 1.8 million hospital births in the state of Florida between 1992 and 2015 suggest that newborn-physician racial concordance is associated with a significant improvement in mortality for Black infants. Results further suggest that these benefits manifest during more challenging births and in hospitals that deliver more Black babies. They found no significant improvement in maternal mortality when birthing mothers share race with their physician.
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