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  • Public satisfaction with the NHS and social care in 2022: Results from the British Social Attitudes survey (The King's Fund, 29 March 2023)


    • UK
    • Reports and articles
    • Pre-existing
    • Original author
    • No
    • Danielle Jefferies, David Maguire, Dan Wellings et al
    • 29/03/23
    • Everyone

    Summary

    The National Centre for Social Research’s (NatCen’s) British Social Attitudes (BSA) survey has been conducted annually since 1983. Each year the survey asks people what it's like to live in Britain and what they think about how Britain is run, including measuring levels of public satisfaction with the health and care services. 

    The most recent survey was carried out between 7 September and 30 October 2022 and asked a nationally representative sample (across England, Scotland and Wales) of 3,362 people about their satisfaction with the National Health Service (NHS) and social care services overall, and 1,187 people about their satisfaction with specific NHS services, as well as their views on NHS funding. 

    This report highlights the key findings of the survey, which was jointly sponsored this year by The King's Fund and the Nuffield Trust.

    Content

    Key findings

    Satisfaction with the NHS overall in 2022

    • Overall satisfaction with the NHS fell to 29 per cent – a 7 percentage point decrease from 2021. This is the lowest level of satisfaction recorded since the survey began in 1983. 
    • More than half (51 per cent) of respondents were dissatisfied with the NHS, the highest proportion since the survey began. 
    • The fall in satisfaction was seen across all ages, income groups, sexes and supporters of different political parties. 
    • The main reason people gave for being dissatisfied with the NHS was waiting times for GP and hospital appointments (69 per cent), followed by staff shortages (55 per cent) and a view that the government does not spend enough money on the NHS (50 per cent). 
    • Of those who were satisfied with the NHS, the top reason was because NHS care is free at the point of use (74 per cent), followed by the quality of NHS care (55 per cent) and that it has a good range of services and treatments available (49 per cent). 

    Satisfaction with social care services in 2022 

    • Just 14 per cent of respondents said they were satisfied with social care. Dissatisfaction with social care rose significantly in 2022, with 57 per cent of people saying they were dissatisfied (up from 50 per cent in 2021). 
    • Dissatisfaction with social care was high across all ages, income groups, sexes, and supporters of different political parties. People over the age of 65, those on higher incomes and people of white ethnicity were most dissatisfied. 
    • The top reason for dissatisfaction with social care was that people don’t get all the social care they need (64 per cent) followed by the pay, working conditions and training for social care workers not being adequate (57 per cent) and there not being enough support for unpaid carers (49 per cent). 
    • Dissatisfaction with social care is higher than dissatisfaction with the NHS overall or any of the individual NHS services asked about – general practice, dentistry, inpatient, outpatient, and A&E services. Social care is also the service with the lowest satisfaction levels. 

    Satisfaction with different NHS services in 2022 

    • Satisfaction with GP services fell to 35 per cent in 2022, down from 38 per cent in 2021. This is the lowest level of satisfaction recorded since the survey began. The fall was much less sharp than between 2019 and 2021, when satisfaction fell by 30 percentage points. 
    • Satisfaction with NHS dentistry fell to a record low of 27 per cent and dissatisfaction increased to a record high of 42 per cent. 24 per cent of respondents said they were ‘very dissatisfied’ with NHS dentistry – a higher proportion than for other health and care services asked about in the survey. 
    • Satisfaction with inpatient and outpatient services fell to 35 per cent and 45 per cent respectively. Despite falling by 4 percentage points, outpatients remains the highest-rated service. 
    • Satisfaction with A&E services dropped 8 percentage points to 30 per cent, also a record low. 40 per cent of respondents said they were dissatisfied with A&E services, an 11 percentage point increase and a new record level of dissatisfaction. This is the largest change in dissatisfaction in a single year since the question on A&E services was first asked in 1999. 

    Attitudes to NHS funding, priorities and principles 

    • 83 per cent of respondents believed that the NHS had a major or severe funding problem. 
    • For the first time since 2015, the most popular option when asked how more money should be raised for the NHS was that ‘the NHS needs to live within its own budget’ (chosen by 28 per cent of respondents). In total, 43 per cent of people chose one of the two options that involved paying more taxes. 
    • On being asked what the most important priorities for the NHS should be, the top two cited by survey respondents were: increasing the number of staff in the NHS (51 per cent) and making it easier to get a GP appointment (50 per cent). Improving waiting times for planned operations and in A&E were both chosen by 47 per cent of respondents, with the latter seeing a significant increase since 2021. 
    • As in 2021, a large majority of respondents agreed that the founding principles of the NHS should ‘definitely’ or ‘probably’ apply in 2022: that the NHS should be free of charge when you need it (93 per cent), the NHS should primarily be funded through taxes (82 per cent) and the NHS should be available to everyone (84 per cent).

    Attachments

    PublicsatisfactionwiththeNHSandsocialcarein2022_FINALFORWEB.pdf
    Public satisfaction with the NHS and social care in 2022: Results from the British Social Attitudes survey (The King's Fund, 29 March 2023) https://www.kingsfund.org.uk/publications/public-satisfaction-nhs-and-social-care-2022
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