This review of the literature by Mianda and Voce, published in BMC Health Services Research, was conducted towards identifying a model to inform clinical leadership development interventions among frontline healthcare providers, particularly for improved maternal and newborn care. The purpose of the literature review was to synthesise published evidence on frontline clinical leadership development and its evaluation, and included multiple frontline-care contexts.
All studies reviewed arose in high-income settings, demonstrating the need for studies on frontline clinical leadership development in low-and middle-income settings. Clinical leadership development is an ongoing process and must target both novice and veteran frontline healthcare providers. The content of clinical leadership development interventions must encompass a holistic conceptualization of clinical leadership, and should use work-based learning, and team-based approaches, to improve clinical leadership competencies of frontline healthcare providers, and overall service delivery.