Globally, the under-five mortality rate (U5MR) fell to 38 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2021, while under-five deaths dropped to 5.0 million. Although this demonstrates a decrease, this immense, intolerable and mostly preventable loss of life was carried unequally around the world , and children continue to face widely differing chances of survival based on where they are born. In contrast to the global rate, children born in sub-Saharan Africa are subject to the highest risk of childhood death in the world with a 2021 U5MR of 74 deaths per 1,000 live births – 15 times higher than the risk for children in Europe and Northern America and 19 times higher than in the region of Australia and New Zealand
This report outlines and analyses figures from The United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UN IGME) to examine levels and trends in child mortality around the world during 2022.
- Almost everywhere in the world, a child born today has a better chance at surviving to age 5 than in 1990, but inequities persist among and within countries
- Divergent chances of survival start from the earliest ages
- Globally and across all regions, the probability of dying between the ages of 5 and 24 is lower than for children under 5 years old, yet more than 2 million children, adolescents and youth aged 5—24 died in 2021
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