This study in Clinical Epidemiology aimed to investigate the long-term complications associated with surgical mesh devices used to treat stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP). The authors looked at rates of diagnoses of depression, anxiety or self-harm (composite measure) and sexual dysfunction, and rates of prescriptions for antibiotics and opioids in women with and without mesh surgery, with a diagnostic SUI/POP code, registered in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) gold database.
The study found that mesh surgery was associated with poor mental and sexual health outcomes, alongside increased opioid and antibiotic use, in women with no history of these outcomes and improved mental health, and lower opioid use, in women with a previous history of these outcomes. The authors highlight the need to carefully consider the risks and benefits of mesh surgery on an individual basis.
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