Despite decades of research, improving healthcare safety remains a global priority. Individual studies have demonstrated links between staff engagement and care quality, but until now, any relationship between engagement and patient safety outcomes has been more speculative.
This systematic review and meta-analysis from Gillian et al. assessed this relationship and explored if the way these variables were defined and measured had any differential effect.
Despite a limited and evolving evidence base, they cautiously conclude that increasing staff engagement could be an effective means of enhancing patient safety. Further research is needed to determine causality and clarify the nature of the staff engagement/patient safety relationship at individual and unit/workgroup levels.