Patients are increasingly encouraged to be active participants in managing their own health. New technologies, cultural shifts, trends in healthcare delivery and policies have brought the patients’ role in healthcare to the forefront. This session from the Chartered Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors (CIEHF) reviews and advances the emerging discipline of Patient Ergonomics. It focuses on patients and their performance. It presents practical recommendations and case studies useful for researchers and practitioners and covers diverse healthcare settings outside hospitals and clinics, providing a combination of foundational content and specific applications.